Top of the list are Asian countries, such as the Republic of Korea, Taiwan, or Bangladesh,- with population densities ranging between 517 and 1237 people per square km.
However, we also find two African countries, Burundi and Rwanda, with a high popopulation densities of around 435 to 470 people per square km. This population density is comparable to that of India, which is around 440 people per square km.
Afrika's most populous country, Nigeria, already as a population density of around 200 people per square km - which is very similar to that of Italy with a density of 204 people per square km.
It is also interesting that both Uganda and Malawi have population densities, which are higher than that of China - 195 and 183, as compared to 147.
In fact, two African countries, Burundi and Rwanda, are projected to be the second and third most densely populated areas in the world (if we exclude the city states of Hong Kong and Singapore). Their population density will be 859 and 1116 people per square km, respectively.
Nigeria, Malawi and Uganda are projected to have population densities of between 438 and 510 people per square km - roughly similar to the Philippines, with a projected population density of 497 people per square km.
It is also interesting to note that Ghana and Benin will have almost identical population densities as Germany - 200 to 220 people per square km.
The enormous population growth in Africa will also result in the situation, that Kenia, Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso, Tanzania, Côte d'Ivoire and Egypt will all have a higher population density than Denmark, China or France.
United Nations (2011): Population Distribution, Urbanization, Internal Migration and Development: An International Perspective. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division.
Cohen, Joel E. / Small, Christopher (1998): Hypsographic demography: The distribution of human population by altitude. In: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., Vol. 95, pp. 14009–14014, November 1998 Applied Physical Sciences, Social Sciences.
CIESIN (2005): Mapping global urban and rural population distributions Estimates of future global population distribution to 2015. Database and maps prepared as part of the FAO Poverty Mapping Project (GCP/INT/761/NOR) funded by the Government of Norway and also with the support from National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Contract NAS5-03117) to the Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC) at CIESIN.
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